Integrating Social Justice in Montessori Education


Integrating social justice within school curriculums has become increasingly important in the contemporary educational landscape. Montessori education, known for its holistic and child-centered approach, is uniquely positioned to incorporate these principles effectively.

Educators and school leaders can draw valuable lessons from the experiences of Jennifer Spikner, former head of a Montessori school in Chicago and current board member of the Association of Illinois Montessori Schools, who has been actively involved in incorporating social justice into the Montessori curriculum.


Social Justice in Montessori Education

During a School Success podcast episode aired on May 23, 2022, Jennifer Spikner shared her experience integrating social justice into Montessori education. “We’ve put together an inclusion council of teachers and administrators,” she explained, “to make sure that we’re examining everything that we do at the school through the lens of wanting to be anti-bias and wanting to be thoughtful about decisions that we make through that lens of diversity, equity, and inclusion.”


The Role of Social Justice in Montessori Classrooms

In Montessori classrooms, social justice is not just a topic of discussion; it’s an integral part of the learning environment. By weaving these principles into everyday lessons and activities, students learn to appreciate and respect diversity, develop empathy, and understand the importance of equity and inclusion.


Practical Applications

Jennifer Spikner highlighted the practical implementation of these ideals, such as through theatrical productions. “We just did a play in our upper elementary class where the children acted out a sit-in in Nashville during 1960.” Such activities enable students to actively engage with and understand significant historical events, fostering a more profound comprehension of social justice issues.


Benefits of Integrating Social Justice in Montessori Education


Fosters Empathy and Understanding

Students develop empathy and a deeper understanding of diverse experiences and perspectives by engaging with social justice topics. This understanding is crucial for nurturing compassionate and socially aware individuals.


Encourages Critical Thinking

Delving into complex social issues challenges students to think critically about the world around them. It prompts them to ask questions, seek information, and form opinions based on understanding and analysis.


Prepares Globally Conscious Citizens

Preparing students to be globally conscious citizens is essential in today’s interconnected world. Understanding social justice issues equips them with the knowledge and skills to navigate and contribute positively to an increasingly diverse society.


Promotes Active Engagement

Incorporating social justice in education encourages students to participate in their communities actively. It inspires them to recognize injustices and consider how they can make the world more equitable.



The integration of social justice in Montessori education is a testament to the adaptability and relevance of this educational approach in addressing contemporary societal issues.

As we strive to create more inclusive, empathetic, and socially aware learning environments, exploring these themes becomes not just an option but a necessity.



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